Arbequina olive takes its name from the city of Arbeca in the Catalonia region of Spain. It was rediscovered in some olive groves in this region in the late 19th century. It is rumored that he first came to Spain in the 17th century after the Duke of Medinaceli visited Jerusalem, which was Ottoman territory at that time. Arbequina olives have a high oil content and a quality, light oil. It is a small tree and productive. It is harvested early and is resistant to cold.